Sunday, November 30, 2014

Iran Wary of OPEC ‘Shock Therapy’ to Maintain Market Share

Iran’s Oil Minister Bijan Zanganeh said in Tehran today that the steep decline in oil prices is no solution for OPEC’s loss of market share to U.S. shale producers. Brent crude price fell to $70.15 a barrel on Saturday, a four-year low and a drop of 37 percent this year.

“High prices are a disadvantage to OPEC’s market share,” Zanganeh said. “If you want to increase your share, you have to reduce prices, but you can’t do it through ‘shock therapy’ over the course of three months if you want to change everything.” (Bloomberg, 30 November)

The so-called “shock therapy” to force shale producers out of business could indeed be a risky proposition. As there are different levels of fracking, the shale producers could adjust their exploitation methods based on the prevailing market conditions, at least in the near and mid term. There are also many leases that have been paid for that could likely run for another 15 years or so, and survive $40 oil. Besides, shale production is not limited to the U.S. and the Chinese could become a major player soon, adding more pressure on traditional oil producers in the Persian Gulf, which could be facing a precarious situation: lower prices could become a new normal, while market shares could decline at the same time.

Photo credit: Getty Images

Syria's Crumbling Economy

The Washington Post’s Hugh Naylor has written a piece on Syria’s crumbling economy. He observes that the economy is in a tailspin, and the regime is increasingly struggling to find resources to quash the four-year-old insurgency.

To read Naylor’s entire article, please click here.

Photo credit: Selling gods in front of a damaged shop in Al-Maysar neighborhood of Aleppo, Syria; 29 November 2014 (Hosam Katan/Reuters/Washington Post)

50,000 ‘Ghost’ Soldiers Discovered in Iraqi Army

An investigation by the office of Iraq’s new prime minister, Haidar al-Abadi, has uncovered the existence of 50,000 “ghost soldiers,” equivalent to almost four Iraqi army divisions.

“Over the past few weeks, the Prime Minister has been cracking down to expose the ghost soldiers and get a handle on the problem,” said Rafid Jaboori, the spokesman for the PM. (AFP, 30 November)

The investigation started with a thorough headcount during the latest salary payment process.

“There are two kinds of ‘fadhaiyin’,” a senior officer told AFP, using a word which means “space men,” which refers to the fictitious soldiers on the payroll.

“The first kind: each officer is allowed five guards. He’ll keep two, send three home and pocket their salary or an agreed percentage,” the officer told AFP. “Then the second and bigger group is at the brigade level. A brigade commander usually has 30, 40 or more soldiers who stay at home or don’t exist.”

Meantime, Prime Minister Abadi said today in Baghdad that he will not go ahead with planned increase in taxes and customs duties before reviewing the system and eradicate corruption. Otherwise increases go to corrupt pockets, Abadi added.

Photo credit: An Iraqi soldier in the recaptured town of Jurf al-Sakhr; 27 October 2014 (Haidar Mohammad Ali/AFP)

Brent Falls to $68 - UPDATE

Brent crude fell to $68.34 a barrel on Monday at the opening of the trading day in Asia. Plunging oil prices are the worst since the collapse of financial system in 2008. Bloomberg said today that the declining oil prices threatens to have the same global impact of falling oil prices three decades ago, which led to the Mexican debt crisis and the end of the Soviet Union.

UPDATE: Brent recovered some of its losses on Monday and was trading at $71.83 a barrel in mid-day.

Rial Continues Its Fall - UPDATE

Iranian currency rial continued its downward spiral, trading at 35,000 rials (3,500 tomans) per dollar on Sunday. Rial fell to record low in Januray 2013 at 40,000 rials/dollar. But after the election of Hassan Rouhani as the country's new president in June 2013, the rial value climbed to 28,000 rials/dollar. Now it seems we are back to pre-Rouhani days.

It seems market’s lack of confidence in Rouhani’s economic reforms, his inability to lift the sanctions, plus plunging oil prices are exerting downward pressures on rial, with no immediate end in sight. The government, suffering from nearly 40-percent decline in oil revenues, might not be able to defend rial as much as it likes; hard-currency revenues are so much lower than expected and budgeted for.

UPDATE: On Monday, rial gained back losses and traded at 34,000 a dollar, this after the minister of economy pledged to support the national currency. It is believed that the central bank poured large amounts of dollars into the country's currency-exchange free market, purchasing rials to stabilize it. It was not clear how much the move has cost the government, but subsidizing currency could be quite costly. 

Saturday, November 29, 2014

Rial Falling

Government Delays Subsidy Reforms
Today, the Iranian national currency traded at 34,000 rials per dollar. This is a new low during Rouhani administration. In June 2013, Rouhani’s surprise victory stopped the downward spiral of the rial. Since the beginning of 2014, however, rial has slowly lost ground and in the past week the trend has accelerated. Today’s rate is a loss of nearly 14 percent in the value of rial since Rouhani’s election. The failure of Vienna talks to produce a final nuclear agreement and the plunging oil prices are believed to be the main causes for the falling value of the rial.

Oil Prices have also continued their downward trend, with Brent crude trading at $70 a barrel. Between the loss in export levels after oil sanctions went into effect in 2012, and the recent drop in oil prices, Iran’s oil export revenues, its main foreign currency source, are a third of what they were only two years ago.

Meantime, Rouhani administration on Saturday decided to delay planned subsidy reforms. The government probably regards the subsidy cuts as politically inconvenient, expecting backlash. The decision to delay, however, will put added pressure on the value of rial and could reverse recent gains in the fight against inflation. These are indeed challenging times for the Iranian economy.

Friday, November 28, 2014

Iran’s Oil Export to Asia Fell Below 1 Million bpd - UPDATE

Oil Prices Continue Falling - Brent at $70
Iran’s oil exports to Asia fell below 1 million barrels per day in October to the lowest level in a year. Iran exported 877,888 bpd to China, India, Japan and South Korea, its biggest buyers, Reuters reported today. Iran exported an average of 1.1 million bpd to Asia in January-September this year.

Seasonal demand fluctuations could have been the cause of the sharp drop in exports last month, but generally Iran is facing difficulty in raising exports to make up lost revenues due to falling prices by nearly 40 percent.

UPDATE: Brent price continued its fall on Friday, trading at $70.15 per barrel.

File photo: Iran’s oil export terminal at Kharq island (Getty)

Thursday, November 27, 2014

Oil Drops as OPEC Maintains Current Poduction Ceiling

Oil slid to a four-year low after OPEC kept its oil production unchanged at today’s meeting, maintaining its collective ceiling of 30 million barrels a day. West Texas Intermediate crude tumbled nearly 5 percent to $69.19 a barrel, and Brent crude fell to $72.74.

Oil markets were hoping for a major production cut to support the falling oil prices. Saudi Arabia, the de-facto leader of OPEC, along with all Persian Gulf producers, stopped a proposal to drastically cut the output, supported by Venezuela, with strong political backing of giant non-member producer Russia. Iran apparently wanted OPEC to cut output, but not its own production levels.

Photo: OPEC flag in the center, surrounded by the flags of its 12 member states.

OPEC Meeting in Vienna

Brent Falls to $75.77
OPEC producers are meeting today in Vienna amid plunging oil prices. Brent crude was traded at $75.77 on Thursday morning. The outcome of the meeting remained unclear. Saudi Arabia, the de-facto leader of the group, is discouraging any output cut to stop the fall in prices. Some members, like Venezuela, were pushing drastic action to reduce the excess supply in global oil markets.

Photo credit: OPEC’s oil ministers meeting at the organization’s HQ in Vienna, 27 November 2014 (AP)

Wednesday, November 26, 2014

Islamic State Closing In on Government Complex in Ramadi

Attempt to Regain Momentum after Strategic Losses at Baiji, Jalula and Sadia
Iraqi security forces and allied tribesmen were reportedly battling Wednesday to defend the governor’s office in the center of Ramadi, Anbar’s capital, from a concerted attack by the Islamic State insurgents.

“We are defending and protecting the governmental complex in Ramadi,” said Colonel Hamid Shandukh of Anbar police force. He added that the militants were within a few hundred meters of the governor’s office. It seems that Ramadi is hanging on by a thread.

The governor of Anbar, Ahmed al-Dulaimi, told Al-Anbar TV from Germany, where he is recovering after being wounded by a mortar round in September, that losing Anbar “means losing Iraq.”

ISIL’s offensive in Ramadi is apparently an attempt by the insurgents to regain the momentum after suffering major territorial loses and setbacks recently in strategic town of Baiji and the towns of Jalula and Sadia, Institute for the Study of War (ISW) said today in its Iraq Situation Report.

ISIL lost control of those towns last week to the Peshmerga, Iraqi army and Shia militias. Iran’s Quds Force, IRGC-GF and Artesh supported the operations in Jalula and Sadia, which are near the Iranian border.

Islamic State insurgents over the last two days have also intensified its attacks around the city of Kirkuk, probably to force a repositioning of Peshmerga from Diyala province. Meanwhile, ISIL fighters are engaging the Peshmerga around Mosul Dam.

Meantime, U.S. Central Command announced that on Wednesday, U.S. military and coalition forces conducted new airstrikes against ISIL positions in Iraq, near Ramadi, Kirkuk, Mosul and Sinjar.

File photo: The Peshmerga fighters fire at ISIL positions on Mount Zardak, east of Mosul; 9 September 2014 (JM Lopez/AFP/Getty Images/CNN)

OPEC Divided Over Plunging Oil Price - UPDATE

OPEC producers will meet on Thursday in Vienna to discuss production target amid the collapse of crude oil prices. Brent futures traded at $77 a barrel today. The 12-member OPEC pumps about 40 percent of the world’s oil, but its members were divided over cutting the production to support the price of oil.

Iran and Saudi Arabia were opposed to production cut, while Russia and Venezuela were pushing to curb output. Saudi Arabia Oil Minister Ali Al-Naimi said in Vienna today that tumbling crude prices will stabilize. Iran’s Oil Minister Bijan Zanganeh said before a meeting with his Saudi counterpart in Vienna that Iran, OPEC’s fifth-largest producer, will neither cut its oil production nor ask Saudi Arabia to do so. Russia and Venezuela have asked OPEC to lower its official production target of 30 million barrels a day.

UPDATE: GCC has reached a consensus not to cut oil output when OPEC meets on Thursday in Vienna. Saudi Oil Minister Ali al-Naimi announced the unified decision today.  

File photo: Iran’s oil export terminal at Kharq Island (Getty)

Three Members of Iran's Law Enforcement Force Killed in Baluchistan

Fars News Agency reported that three members of Islamic Republic’s Law Enforcement Force ("NAJA") were killed in the town Zahak in restive Iranian Baluchistan on Tuesday 25 November. The policemen were gunned down while on patrol. Fars said the attackers on two different vehicles approached NAJA members, opened fired and escaped from the scene. No group has yet claimed responsibility for the attack.

File photo: NAJA security force in Iran’s Sistan va Baluchistan province, which borders Pakistan and Afghanistan. (FNA)

Tuesday, November 25, 2014

Takeaways from Iranian National Aerospace Exhibition 2014

Identification and brief analysis of open source amateur photos taken during fifth Iranian National Aerospace Exhibition held from 21OCT14 to 24OCT14 at Mehrabad International Airport (THR / OIII) in Tehran.

MADO unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) powerplants and propellors

Display of a MADO 550 4-cylinder, horizontally opposed 2-cycle engine (and parts) with applications on Iranian-manufactured unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) types.

Detail of MADO MD550 engine variant of Limbach L550 type

Side view of MADO MD550 displayed with shortened velocity stacks of possibly plastic material

Detail of MD550 engine parts including cylinder, piston, rings, crankcase half, wrist pin and small end needle bearing

MADO Wankel-type single-rotor engine similar in appearance to Chinese BMP MDR-208

MADO MD275 2-cylinder, horizontally opposed 2-cycle engine

MADO 1-cylinder 2-cycle engine types including MD26 with parts breakdown

Detail of MADO 1-cylinder 2-cycle engine types

COMMENTARY: Exactness in appearance to Limbach and BMP types strongly suggests Iranian acquisition of original source CNC machine G-code files for manufacturing. Very brief TV news segment imagery depicting Iranian CNC machining of MD engines can be seen HERE.

Display stand of MADO two-blade pusher propellor types for UAV applications, also CNC machined in manufacture

Exhibition handout for MADO aviation propellor

Fars Afzar Kimiya Company machined aviation components

Exhibition display booth for Fars Afzar Kimiya Company

Display case of CNC machined aviation parts including impellers and seals. Above parts appear to be cut from billet aluminum and ceramic material.

Detail of various machined impeller and seal types

Detail of various machined seals including labyrinth seal types

Exhibition display case including CNC machined suction and discharge valve  seals machined from PEEK and PTFE materials.

Display case for what appears to be CNC machined parts belonging to pump assemblies including check valve

Various CNC machined parts including worm-gear types assemblies

Various CNC machined parts including stainless steel ball valves

COMMENTARY: Fars Afzar Kimiya Company website provides a number of images of CNC machines including that of a German-made SPINNER T65 CNC lathe likely obtained by Iran during the Khatami administration.

Rayan Electronic Farda and Rayan Pardazesh electronics components

Rayan Electronic Farda DPAD 170 EO/IR gyro-stabilized  sensor ball for UAV applications

Rayan Pardazesh uncooled imaging infrared (IIR) seeker with fire-and-forget and lock-on before launch capability

Bottom center: Rayan Pardazesh TV seeker with fire-and-forget and lock-on before launch capability

Failure of Vienna Talks: Reactions Inside Iran

The failure to reach a final agreement with world powers in Vienna dominated the front pages of Iranian newspapers today, with most editorials viewing further dialogue with the West as pointless. Hardliners denounced inability of the negotiating team, and by extension Rouhani’s government, over the missed deadline and generally opposed the seven-month extension of talks.

“Nothing!” Said the front page of hardline paper Vatan-e Emrooz. It characterized the seven-month extension time as a ruse to “cover up that negotiations in fact failed.” The paper also blamed U.S. for its “excessive demands” and the failure of the talks. 

Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei said today Iran would not sink “to its knees” on the nuclear issue, despite efforts of “arrogants” (U.S. and Western allies) to make it do so. Khamenei made the comments, his first since the failure of Vienna talks, during a speech in Tehran.

President Hassan Rouhani was much more optimistic, telling the nation in a televised speech on Monday night that despite the setback, a deal could still be done. 

Reformist newspapers were also generally optimistic. Shargh, the leading reformist paper, characterized the extension of the talks in a huge deadline on its front page as, “Extension of Hope.” It said serious negotiations with the U.S. and the West was a “victory of realism, rationality and pragmatism.”

Meantime, Saeed Leylaz, one of Iran’s top economists, defended the extension agreement, saying as part of its sanctions relief Iran will be able to draw $700 million a months from its blocked funds. He added that would be equivalent of an increase of oil exports by 300,000 barrels a day. (AFP, 25 November)

Photo credit: Local media discussing the failure of Vienna talks (AFP)

Monday, November 24, 2014

Iran, World Powers Fail to Reach an Agreement

 Nuclear Talks Extended for Seven Months
After more than a year of intense and serious negotiations between Iran and world powers, the negotiators failed to meet today’s deadline to reach a deal on Iranian nuclear program, and instead decided to extend the talks for another seven months. The current interim agreement, so-called Joint Plan of Action or JPOA, was extended until 30 June 2015.

Photo credit: Secretary of State John Kerry, Britain's Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier, French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, EU High Representative Catherine Ashton, Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif and their delegation sit around the negotiations table; Vienna, 24 November 2014 (Reuters)

Iran Nuclear Talks Fail to Clinch a Deal – Reportedly Extended Until July - UPDATES

>> China's news agency Xinhua reported Monday that deadline for comprehensive deal is extended until 1 July 2015; a "framework" agreement to be drawn out by 1 March.

>> Iran nuclear talks in Vienna fail to clinch a final deal. Reuters quoting an official close to negotiations said the talks could be reconvened next month, either in Vienna or in Muscat.

Sunday, November 23, 2014

On the Sidelines of Vienna Talks - UPDATES

>> UK foreign secretary says last big push on Monday morning to get the agreement over the line.

>> Iran nuclear talks are apparently turning away from reaching an agreement by deadline, with P5+1 starting internal discussions on extending the talks, diplomats told AP on Sunday afternoon.

>> On Monday, all P5+1 foreign ministers will be in Vienna. Russian FM arrived in Vienna on Sunday afternoon and the Chinese FM will arrive early Monday morning.

>> Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov arrived in Vienna on Sunday afternoon and is holding talks with Secretary of State John Kerry at Coburg.

>> Kerry and Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif held talks on Sunday afternoon.

>> Officials involved in the talks tell journalists in Vienna that a "non-paper" framework agreement could be announced that gives sides 60 days to write a comprehensive deal within that framework.

>> Kerry will meet with Saudi Foreign Minister Saud al-Faisal on Sunday in Vienna to update him on the nuclear negotiations with Iran. Update: Kerry is reportedly meeting Saudi FM on Faisal's plane at Vienna airport.

>> Kerry will attend a working dinner tonight hosted by UK Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond, attended by EU Envoy Catherine Ashton and foreign ministers of France and Germany.

>> Iranian officials tell journalists in Vienna that Sunday’s trilateral meeting between Kerry, Ashton, and Zarif went “quite well.”

>> Austrian sources tell journalists that there has been “progress” and “movement forward” in talks on Sunday morning.

>> Iranian spokesman Behzad Saberi tells journalists that neither side is looking for extension of talks. Presumably, some form of agreement in in the works.

Saturday, November 22, 2014

Iran Nuclear: No Final Deal in Sight; Framework Agreement or Extension of Talks Possible

After a third day of intensive and serious nuclear talks in Vienna, the two sides have not been able to strike a final deal with only 2 days left before Monday’s expiration of the interim agreement, JPOA. Instead they are now trying to draft a framework agreement summing up the areas they could agree upon after 12 months of negotiations, and also identifying the areas of disagreement that would need further work. But if they could not agree even on a framework, then they might extend the talks for another 6-12 months. 

Kerry: Working Hard to Close ‘Big Gaps’ - UPDATES

Secretary of State John Kerry said on Saturday there were still serious gaps in talks over Iran’s nuclear program despite signs of some progress two days before the 24 November deadline, Reuters reported.

“We’re working hard,” Kerry said. “We hope we’re making careful progress, but we have big gaps, we still have some serious gaps, which we’re working to close.” (Reuters, 22 November)

Meantime, German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier said in Vienna before a meeting with Kerry that in no period have the two sides been so close to a deal, and now have better chance than ever.

UPDATE: Kerry discussed Iran nuclear talks with foreign ministers of UAE, Kuwait, Qatar and Bahrain in a conference call on Saturday.

UPDATE: Kerry spoke to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Iran talks on Saturday.

UPDATE: Kerry will meet Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif on Saturday afternoon for their first direct talks of the day.

UPDATE: Reuters quotes EU officials as saying there are no significant progress on sticking points of enrichment and sanctions.

UPDATE: EU sources saying discussions on possible extension of talks may start on Sunday.

UPDATE: Al-Monitor's Laura Rozen reports from Vienna that an official sounded gloomy on talks, remaining gaps not yet closed, not clear if Iran negotiators have mandate to move. Still Western diplomats say 2.5 days left, and Zarif could get new instructions allowing progress, Rozen says; "No-one could say this is finished."

Photo credit: Secretary of State John Kerry and German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier before the meeting in Vienna; 22 November 2014 (Reuters)

Taftan Air resumes operations with leased aircraft

Above: Taftan Air Fokker 50, reg. EP-FQB (cn 20263) on 14NOV14 at Shiraz/Shahid Dastghaib Intl (SYZ / OISS) 
(Photo: Reza Hajari) 

Taftan Air (SBT, Tehran Mehrabad) has resumed operations using four Fokker 50 aircraft leased from fellow Iranian operator, Qeshm Airlines (QB, Tehran Mehrabad). Livery on leased aircraft only slightly modified from existing Qeshm markings.

Prior to bankruptcy in December 2006, Taftan Air had operated its own fleet of Fokker 50 aircraft on flights throughout Iran.

Current operational aircraft now include EP-FQA (cn 20274), EP-FQB (cn 20263)..EP-FQC (cn 20275) and EP-FQD (cn 20265).

Aircraft remaining in storage presumed to include EP-TFN (cn 20302) and EP-TFT (cn 20298).

Friday, November 21, 2014

Fog of Diplomacy

As Al-Monitor’s Laura Rozen writes from Vienna, Fog of diplomacy settles over final stretch of Iran nuclear talks, as Secretary of State John Kerry and Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif mostly stayed huddled in meetings behind close doors, with each canceling earlier announced plans to leave Vienna for further consultations. (Al-Monitor, 21 November)

Earlier in the day, officials close to the talks had told Reuters that the talks might be extended from Monday until March due to sharp differences still existing between Iran and the West. However, on Friday night it looks as if the two sides are working hard to achieve not just an extension of JPOA, as they did in July, but agreeing on a framework agreement toward a comprehensive deal, a JPOA+, if you will.

“What we are all focused on now is trying to get the key principles of a deal agreed over the next 72 hours so that we can meet that important deadline,” British Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond told journalists in Vienna. (Al-Monitor, 21 November)

Western FMs to Step Away from Nuclear Talks- UPDATES

UPDATE: FMs Remain in Vienna - Situation In Flux - Down to the Wire
Western foreign ministers attending Iran nuclear talks unexpectedly stepped away from negotiations today and will leave Vienna.

Secretary of State John Kerry will go to Paris. The State Department said he will be consulting with allies. It is not yet determined when he would return to Vienna. The British and French foreign ministers will also return to their capitals.

The Iranian delegation originally said that Foreign Minister Javad Zarif would also leave for Tehran for consultations. But in an apparent change of plans, Zarif cancelled his trip and will now stay in Vienna. Iran's official news agency IRNA said Zarif did not have a proposal from the West good enough to go to Tehran for decision making.

UPDATE: AFP reported that Kerry pulled back from the talks to leave Zarif pondering an apparent new proposal by Washington meant to bridge differences standing I a way of a deal. He would travel back to Vienna if enough progress is made.

UPDATE: Reuters quoting Western officials involved in negotiations said the talks might be extended from Monday until March due to sharp disagreements still existing between Iran and the West.

UPDATE: Kerry and other foreign ministers will not leave Vienna after all. The situation appears to be completely in flux.

UPDATE: Omani FM reportedly arrived in Vienna Friday night, not certain if he had a direct message for Kerry form Tehran.

Sattar Khan Blvd overpass in Shiraz, newly constructed

Night view with special lighting effects for newly constructed Sattar Khan Blvd overpass in Shiraz

Overpass viewed from NW, with splits toward Motohari Blvd and Radfar St. Seen at background left is Dr. Khodadoust Eye Hospital.

Subterranean access for Motahari Blvd, providing visual for three levels of roadway. Note decorative details at entrance wall; unexpected for a heavily sanctioned economy.

Sattar Khan Blvd overpass pier with adjacent accommodations for pedestrians; another degree of detail unexpected for a heavily sanctioned economy.

View atop Sattar Khan Blvd overpass, with detail of guard rails, illumination and curb signage

Google map of newly constructed Sattar Khan Blvd overpass in Shiraz (click to enlarge)

Photos: Hamed Sedighpour at

Thursday, November 20, 2014

Kish International Air Show 2014

Photos of interest from the 7th Kish International Air Show, dated 18NOV14

Sorena 4-seat helicopter in IHSRC markings (Iran Helicopter Support and Renewal Company); claimed capable of "patrolling and training missions."

What appears to be civilian variant of HESA Bavar 2 ground effect vehicle "Persian Gulf"

Faired powerplant detail of HESA ground effect vehicle "Persian Gulf"

Ghods Ababil 3 reconnaissance UAV, with claimed flight duration of eight hours, operational radius of 250 kilometers, service ceiling of 15,000 feet and capable of relaying imagery to control platforms in real time.

Powerplant detail of Ghods Ababil 3 reconnaissance UAV

IRGC-N Aviation HESA Shahed 278 light utility helicopter

Pair of IRGC-ASF Embraer T-27 Tucano (EMB-312) light attack aircraft

IRGC-ASF aviator seated aboard Embraer T-27 Tucano

IRGC-ASF Mil Mi-17-1, serial 15-1237

IRGC-ASF Harbin Y12-II utility aircraft

IRGC-ASF Antonov An-74T-200 transport aircraft

Persian Gulf Aviation Service (PAS Co.) Bell 212 Twin Two-Twelve, reg EP-HTN (cn 30885)

Persian Gulf Aviation Service (PAS Co.) Bell 412 utility helicopter, reg. EP-PGD

Iranian remanufactured Robinson R44 Raven II, reg. EP-HRL

Alpi Pioneer 300 light-sport aircraft, reg. EP-1278

Unidentified Airbus A320-200 series in Iranian civil passenger service

Kish Air McDonnell Douglas MD-83 (DC-9-83), reg. EP-LCN (cn 49569/1405)

Foreground: Kish Air Fokker 100 (F-28-0100), reg. EP-LCP (cn 11495)

Kish Air Tupolev Tu-154M, reg. EP-LBS (cn 91A901) 


Mohsen Kermit at Mashregh News
Hossein Tahavori at Tasnim News Agency
Zohra Saberi at Mehr News Agency
uploader at