The US and Saudi Arabia Could Take the Case to UN or CIJ
The alleged plot to assassinate the Saudi Arabian ambassador to the US may have violated a UN treaty protecting diplomats, Reuters reports. US authorities have arrested Iranian-American Manssor Arbabsiar for the alleged plot and accused a second Iranian, Gholam Shakuri, who is reported to be in Iran and a member of IRGC- Quds Force.
If the two Iranians were involved in the alleged plot to kill Saudi Ambassador Adel al-Jubeir, the case would be in violation of the ‘UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes Against Internationally Protected Persons.’ Iran signed the treaty in 1978, which would require Tehran to consider prosecuting Shakuri in its court system or extradite him to a requesting country, potentially the US or Saudi Arabia. [Reuters, 13 October].
The US and Saudi Arabia also have the option of pursuing action at the UN Security Council. Another option is for the US and/or Saudi Arabia to seek an arbitration and ultimately a ruling from the Court of International Justice (CIJ) in The Hague’s.
Meanwhile, the legal proceedings against Mr. Arbabsiar will proceed in the US District Court in New York where he will appear on 25 October for a preliminary hearing.