16 Azar marks the anniversary of the 1953 killing of three students (Qandchi, Bozorgnia and Razavi) at the University of Tehran campus during the visit to the city by then-Vice President Richard Nixon. The occasion had been observed annually by the student opposition to the shah, and since 1990s by the opponents of the Islamic Republic leadership. Social and political freedoms have been the rallying cry of 16-Azar demonstrations.
On Sunday night in Tehran, protestors shouted “Allahu Akbar” and “Death to the Dictator” from the rooftops in spite of pouring rain. Nationwide demonstrations are expected to take place on or near university campuses on Monday, the 56th anniversary of 16 Azar.