The talks between Iran and the major powers on the Iranian nuclear program resumed today in Geneva. The two-day meeting is the first in nearly 15 months. During the period the UN, the US and the EU imposed additional economic sanctions on Iran and the Iranian nuclear facilities became targets of Stuxnet attack and other covert operations. In the meantime, Iran expanded its nuclear program by producing yellowcake inside the country and enriching uranium to 20% grade.
Iran insists that its nuclear program is peaceful and would not accept any suspension of its uranium enrichment program. The West insists that such suspension is needed to ensure that Iran is not making fuel for nuclear warheads.
A compromise is increasingly looking difficult to achieve. A possible option is a variation of an older plan whereby Iran would transfer most of its current inventory of low enriched uranium abroad in return for higher enriched fuel for the country’s research reactor.